Reykjanes Peninsula

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Where Mysterious Landscape And Adventure Start.

When landing for the first time at Keflavik airport ,many travellers feel like they have landed on the moon,that is the first impression of the landscape of Reykjanes.

With the closer look ,the area is spectacular and magnificent wonders both in geological ,geothermal and historical way.

In these reading we are going to take first look at the village here on Reykjanes:

Gardur,Sandgerði ,Grindavík(Blue Lagoon) ,Vogar and end on Reykjanesbær.

 

Garður

The village Gardur is situated on the northernmost tip of the Reykjanes peninsula. At the turn of the 19th century it was the most populous community of the peninsula because of the rich fishing grounds off its coast and the natural harbour. When the harbour of the village Sandgerdi was constructed for larger vessels, most of the fishing outfits of Gardur were moved there. Two lighthouses are located on the coast near Gardur. The older one depicts information on the coastline. Maps can be found showing the spots  where ships ran aground in the past,. This area is a paradise for birdwatchers. The very popular golf course at Leira is nearby.

http://www.svgardur.is/english/

Guesthouse Gardur

 

Sandgerdi

 

Sandgerdi is a fishing and fish processing village on the Reykjanes Peninsula. Quite a few fishing outfits and a large number of fishing vessels are operated there.

The old house called Sandgerdi, after which the village was named, is very conspicuous, when you arrive from the village Gardur. It was built from the wood from Jamestown, a freighter, which ran aground near the hamlet Hafnir in 1870.

In the northern part of town is Sandgerðistjörn pond, where hundreds of migratory birds gather each spring. The town’s oldest house, after which the town of Sandgerði was named, stands by the pond. The house was erected in 1883.  On the coast-line, north and south of Sandgerði, there are many beautiful spots to visit, and some of them have historical significance. By Hafurbjarnastaður, between Garður and Sandgerði, there are graves from pre-christen times, which were discovered in 1947. The graves are considered a very important discovery, and remains from one of the graves are now on display at the National Museum of Iceland. In this same area there is a good 9-hole golf course.

There are lots of places to visit now for example The Nature Center called Fraedasetur. It´s a museum with birds and few sea aquariums. There are two restaurants in Sandgerdi. One is a pizzeria called Mamma Mia and the other is called Vitinn. One the same street is is an art gallery. In the norhern part of town is possible to rent a summerhouse.

Attractions of the poles  The 25th February 2007 an exhibition the life and work of Jean-Baptiste Charcot was opened at the Sandgerði

Seafood restaurant by the harbour

 

Grindavík

 

Grindavík is an Icelandic fishing town on the south coast of the Reykjanes peninsula. The Blue Lagoon, Grindavík premiere attraction, is located 3 miles from the town centre.

Nature shows it’s might in many shapes and sizes in and around Grindavík. Earth’s magnificent power has surfaced in the form of frightening lava fields, cracks  and craters and small canyons provide a full scale display of the movements of the tectonic plates. The ocean pounds the shoreline seamlessly and thereby takes on an important role in shaping the land. Many of prominent artists have searched for -and found -inspiration in the nature of this area.
East of Grindavík, Krysuvik, Selatangar, Festarfjalland seemingly endless lava fields are among places to see. West of Grindavík, there´s Reykjanes and the Reykjanes lighthouse, Gunnuhver (Gunnu Geyser), Brimketill, Eldvorp and a multitude of other interesting phenomena, sure to play with your senses.

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ATV Adventures specializes in adventurous trips using the best ATV‘s on the market. Whether company get-togethers, family reunions, big groups or small, ATV Adventures is perfect for those seeking new adventures through Grindvík‘s dramatic landscape.

 

 

The Blue Lagoon is an innovative company in health, wellness and skin care powered by geothermal energy. Its operation is powered 100 % by Iceland’s clean geothermal energy. Located in the heart of the Svartsengi Resource Park, Blue Lagoon is significant for the geothermal energy – an increasingly important element in today’s world.

 

 

The Northern Light Inn is 15 minutes from Keflavik International Airport (KEF), 45 from Reykjavik, and minutes from the Blue Lagoon. The hotel is the only hotel near the geothermal Blue Lagoon Spa, located in the majestic lava landscape of Reykjanes Peninsula, Southwest Iceland, directly under the Aurora Borealis geomagnetic green belt.

 

 

 

Vogar

 

 

The village Vogar started developing early in the 20th century, when better and larger harbours for the larger fishing vessels were needed. Around the turn of the 19th century the number of inhabitants in Vogar was greater than in the neighbouring villages, Keflavik and Grindavik together. There are some interesting hiking trails in the village area and the nature around it is highly interesting.

 

 

 

 

Hotel Vogar is an excellent choice of accommodations for tourists who are leaving or entering the country as well as for longer stays because Keflavik International Airport is only a 14 minute drive, the Blue Lagoon is a 12 minute drive and Reykjavik is about 24 minutes away. We do our utmost to ensure our guests are pleased with their accommodations.

 

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Reykjanesbær  (The Town of Reykjanes)

 

Reykjanesbær The Town of Reykjanes  is an attractive town located at the Reykjanes peninsula in southwest of Iceland. It was established in the year 1994 when Keflavík, Njarðvík and Hafnir merged into one municipality, and now bears the name as the capital of Suðurnes Reykjanes.

 

Reykjanesbær The Town of Reykjanes is only a few minutes drive from Iceland’s international airport.

 Reykjanesbær The Town of Reykjanes offers series of sightseeing trips around the area and a map with various hiking tours is available. The rocky coastline is also a magnificent natural attraction worth visiting with its amazing view and spectacular cliffs where thousands of seabirds live and breed. Reykjanesbær The Town of Reykjanes also offers a variety of organized sailing tours where you can spot whales and dolphins in their natural environment as well as going deep sea angling and cruise to the island Eldey, which is home to the worlds biggest gannet colony.

 

For those who want to practice sports is in the environs plus an outdoor swimming pool with hot tubs and a splendid gymnasium.

 

The viking ship who did sail to america 2000The possibilities are endless. The Viking ship Íslendingur, the stone church in Njarðvík as well as various interesting museums, fine restaurants and quality hotels and guesthouse accommodations are only a few examples of what the town has to offer. It is guaranteed that everyone should find something of interest in Reykjanesbær The Town of Reykjanes.

I recommend Hotel Berg who is a new hotel in the small boat harbour with a fantastic view over the small harbour and near the culture center Duus house.

 

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Reykjanes Peninsula Geology

 

Nowhere on earth is the junction between the European and American tectonic plates in the Earth’s crust as clear as on the Reykjanes peninsula in the southwest

The Reykjanes Zone is a so-called Rift Zone (thoelite).  Earthquakes are frequent.  Its five volcanic regions are called:  Reykjanes-Grindavik-Vogar, Trolladyngja, Krysuvik, Brennisteinsfjoll-Blafjoll and Hengill-Selvogur.

About 16 lava fields have been created during historic times ( 875-1340) by 4-5 eruptions. The lava field near Lake Hlidarvatn dates back to 1340.

The lava field Ogmundarhraun was created in 1010-1020.

The uppermost lava fields in the Blafjoll area were created shortly before the year 1000.

The lava field Svinahraun could be the so-called Christianity Lava.  The Svartahraun Lava, where the Blue Lagoon is situated, dates back to 1226.

The Kapelluhraun Lava 1010-1020.

The Afstapahraun was also created during historic times.  The Stampahraun- and Arnarseturshraun Lavas 1226.

About 52% of the Reykjanes Area are covered with holocene lava fields (43 km²).  The structure of most mountains in the area is hyaloclastite.  They were created during the latest cold epoch of the Ice Age.

 

Main structures of the Reykjanes Peninsula. NE-SW trending volcanic systems are shown in pink. Geothermal fields are shown in yellow at the centers of volcanic activity. These line up within a seismic zone (red), which marks a trans-tensional plate boundary. The seismic zone is discontinuous in the eastern part of the peninsula (Einarsson, 2008). The inset map shows the main volcano-tectonic zones of Iceland. Arrows show spreading direction (half rate 1 cm/y). Spreading axes are shown black. The two in the south of Iceland complement each other in rate of spreading. This is indicated by showing them pinching out, one towards northeast the other towards southwest. Flank zones where no spreading occurs are shown blue. They host large stratovolcanoes. The presently active Eyjafjallajökull (1666 m) is one of them (arrow). Non-volcanic transform zones are shown red. Earthquakes of M = 6.5-7.1 have occurred there (compiled by Saemundsson).   Kristján Sæmundsson, 2010

 

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